Is Christianity Based on Faith & Science Based on Facts?

a priest and a professor arguing

Does science challenge faith, or can they coexist? We explore this question, debunking common misconceptions about the conflict between Christianity and science. A closer look argues that Christianity’s historical roots cement its factual basis.

Science and faith aren’t mutually exclusive, they provide different, yet equally valid, answers to life’s profound questions.

Key Takeaways

  • Christianity is based on verifiable historical facts and is not based on speculation.
  • The conflict between science and Christianity is a myth perpetuated by the media and influential books.
  • The Galileo conflict is between ancient and modern science, not faith and science.
  • Christianity and science offer reliable answers and there is an overlap between the two domains of knowledge.

Historical Basis of Christianity

a professor studying history books in the library

Christianity’s foundation isn’t speculative but is grounded in verifiable historical events that can be deeply studied and analyzed. God’s revelation through these events, witnessed by people in Israel and the early disciples of Jesus, forms the backbone of Christian belief.

This isn’t a faith built on conjecture but on tangible, historical facts and eyewitnesses. Verification may not happen in a lab, but it’s possible through rigorous historical analysis.

The Media’s Role in the Science-Faith Conflict

The media’s portrayal of the supposed conflict between Christianity and science has significantly contributed to the common misconception, despite the overlap and harmony that exists between these domains of knowledge.

Influential books, TV series, and public figures have fuelled this narrative, often presenting the conflict as between faith and science, rather than highlighting the friction between ancient and modern science.

Misunderstandings arise when scientists speak outside their realm of expertise, leading to unnecessary conflict. However, many renowned scientists publicly identify as devout Christians, disproving the notion of inherent discord.

In fact, journalist and author Lee Strobel, former legal editor of the Chicago Tribune and New York Times bestselling author, retraces his own spiritual journey from atheism to faith and builds a captivating case for Christ’s divinity in his book ‘A Case for Christ.’

Strobel cross-examines a dozen experts with doctorates from schools such as Cambridge, Princeton, and Brandeis, asking hard-hitting questions–and taking a deeper look at the evidence from the fields of science, philosophy, and history.

Henceforth, the media’s role with an objective examination reveals a harmonious relationship between Christianity and science.

The Influence of Influential Literature

Influential literature has often played a significant role in shaping the public’s perception of the relationship between Christianity and science. Works like ‘A History of the Warfare of Science With Theology in Christendom’ by A. D. White where he chronicles the gradual emancipation of science from theology in various fields, have fuelled the myth of conflict, while popular shows like ‘Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey’ a science-driven series about the origins of the universe keep it alive.

Yet, this conflict is often misinterpreted, erroneously pitting faith against science rather than ancient versus modern science. This misinterpretation was evident during Galileo’s trial; it wasn’t about faith, but a scientific paradigm shift.

Moreover, scientists like John Polkinghorne, a physicist, who later became an Anglican priest have shown that being a faithful Christian and scientist is concordant.

Thus, literature’s influence is powerful, but readers must critically analyze its content.

The Galileo Controversy Explained

It’s important to clearly understand the Galileo controversy, as it serves as a crucial example of the supposed conflict between Christianity and science being more about the tension between ancient and modern scientific views.

Galileo Galilei’s revolutionary claim, based on his telescope observations, that the Earth moves around the sun contradicted the ancient geocentric view. His ideas met with strong resistance, leading to his trial and house arrest by the Catholic Church.

But it’s vital to note that the conflict wasn’t between faith and science but between old and new scientific ideas. The church’s stance was influenced by the prevalent scientific understanding of the day.

Thus, the Galileo controversy underscores the need to separate historical context from the perceived science-religion conflict.

The Complementary Roles of Christianity and Science

a priest and a professor sitting down to talk

While some see Christianity and science as opposing forces, they actually serve complementary roles in providing us with a comprehensive understanding of our existence.

Christianity tackles profound questions about life’s purpose and the nature of humanity, offering moral and spiritual guidance.

On the other hand, science seeks to understand the mechanics and dynamics of creation, furnishing us with empirical knowledge about our world.

They don’t negate each other; instead, they offer different, yet harmonious, perspectives.

Many scientists illustrate that faith and science can coexist fruitfully.

Conflict arises not from faith and science but when one speaks outside its domain.

Both Christianity and science, when respected for their unique contributions, can offer a balanced view of life.

Examples of Christian Scientists

Examining the lives of several prominent scientists reveals a deep-seated harmony between their Christian faith and scientific pursuits.

Francis Collins who led the Human Genome Project and was the US director of the National Institutes of Health in 2009, identifies as a Christian. His mapping of the human genome didn’t conflict with his faith but rather enhanced it.

Similarly, Astronomer Johannes Kepler who wrote the ‘Epitome of Copernican Astronomy*’* detailed his findings and formulated the three laws of planetary motion for which he is perhaps most famous.

Kepler’s work was motivated by his religious conviction that God had created the world according to an intelligible plan. The laws of nature were within the grasp of the human mind, and God wanted man to recognize them by creating him after his own image so that he could share his own thoughts.

Modern-day scientists like Dr. Jing Kong, an Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Professor at MIT, focusing her research on nanotechnology grew up an atheist but turned to follow Christ in graduate school. “The research is only a platform for me to do God’s work,” she says. “His creation, the way he made this world, is very interesting. It’s amazing, really.”

Dr. Russell Cowburn is also an expert in nanotechnology and a professor of experimental physics at Cambridge. He’s received numerous awards and is a fellow of the Royal Society. He proclaims about his work in the field of nanotech, “God got there first—nature is full of nanotechnology.” Everything, from the smallest molecules to supermassive black holes, is part of “God’s creative activity.”

These individuals, amongst so many others, prove that being a scientist and a Christian isn’t mutually exclusive. They’ve found a way to reconcile their faith with their scientific work, demonstrating that Christianity and science can coexist harmoniously.


A significant number of Christians find a profound sense of harmony when they apply the truths found in science and their religious faith, seeing no contradiction but rather an enhancement of their understanding of the world.

They perceive all truth as God’s truth, whether it comes from a lab or the Bible. This harmonious approach recognizes that Christianity and science focus on different, yet complementary aspects of truth. While Christianity explores man’s purpose and moral values, science unravels the intricacies of the physical world.

Despite the perceived conflict, many scientists are devout Christians, demonstrating that scientific inquiry and religious faith can coexist.

The key lies in understanding that these two domains can enrich each other, offering a more comprehensive understanding of truth.

This article draws on and contains content that has been adapted and edited by Knowable God with permission from Kairos Podcast. Editing by Lysha T.

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